There are two main purposes for references in a scholarly publication:
The American Medical Association (AMA) and American Psychological Association (APA) are two commonly used styles in the fields of medicine and social sciences. There are many more styles to choose from but this guide will go over the basics for these two styles.
This guide covers the most common questions using the AMA and APA style and is not intended to be the complete authority on these styles. For detailed information on these two styles please consult the actual style guides as seen in the Books box on the left.
When preparing a manuscript for the journal of your choice, there are usually author instructions found on the journal's website. These instructions include very specific instructions e.g. the title page, how to format tables and the reference style to use. See example instructions for the Journal of the American Heart Association.
Consider using The ACS (American Chemical Society) Style Guide or Scientific Style and Format (11th edition) by the Council of Science Editors (CSE) to guide you through the process (see links to borrow this book from UC in the Books box below on the left).
Several style guides advise you on the specific dictionary to use for spelling for example, Merriam-Websters Collegiate Dictionary (2005) is the standard dictionary for APA style. Make sure to check your style for the preferred dictionary (if any).
Try one of these citation management software programs to not only collect your citations but then format them in thousands of styles! Citation management software allows you to: