In 2008 Congress passed the NIH Public Access Policy. This policy requires that any research:
must be deposited and available to the public in electronic format in PubMed Central.
The rational behind this is to help advance science and improve human health.
This video, produced by NYU Libraries, describes the NIH Public Access policy as well as common areas of confusion.
The NIH Public Access Policy ensures that the public has access to the published results of NIH funded research. It requires investigators to submit final peer-reviewed journal manuscripts that arise from NIH funds to the digital archive PubMed Central upon acceptance for publication. To help advance science and improve human health, the Policy requires that these papers are accessible to the public on PubMed Central no later than 12 months after publication.
The major components of complying with NIH Public Access Policy:
The Principal Investigtor (PI) is ultimately responsible for ensuring compliance with the NIH Public Access Policy.
In navigating compliance with NIH Public Access Policy, it may be helpful to keep in mind that there are multiple systems involved. Here is a graphic displaying the systems mentioned in this help guide.